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Never too old to learn 活到老学到老

 
 
 

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2016年06月29日  

2016-06-29 10:38:28|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、抄写Lesson 129\Lesson 131课文11中,并默写

二、复习语法(熟读语法)

三、熟练背诵课文Lesson 129Lesson 131

四、抄写词组21中,并默写

词组:

wave to you 向你招手

shout to sb. 向着某人的方向大声呼叫

point to sb. 指向某人

speak to sb. 与某人说话

talk to sb与某人谈话

say hello/good-bye to sb. 向某人打招呼/告别

want sb. to do sth. (想)要某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

must + 动词原形(一般情况推测)

must + be + v-ing (正在发生情况推测)

must + have + v-ed (过去分词)(对过去情况的推测)

must + have been + v-ing (现在分词)

    表示对过去某一时刻,某一时间动作的猜测,或过去一直到现在的

at seventy miles an hour 以每小时70英里的速度

can’t have been driving 不可能驾驶

can’t be in London  不能在伦敦

can’t be at home不可能在家

can’t have finished their job yesterday不可能把活儿干完

let sb do sth. 让某人做某事(接不带to 的动词不定式)

driving licence= driver’s licence驾照

charge you 罚你的款

this time  这次

that time 那次

every time 每次,每当

next time 下次

you’d better = you had better最好做某事

had better (not ) do sth 最好(不)做某事

take/follow one’s advice 接受某人的意见

 

 Sb+spend+money / time +on sth./ (in) diong sth. 花费金钱或时间做某事

It takes sb some time to do sth. 花某人的时间做某事

spend + n.(时光、假日)+地点状语

spend my holidays 度假。

be sure of / about +n.  ……有把握

be sure that   肯定,确信

make sure 确信 证实

would like to do sth 乐于干某事,想做某事

make up one`s mind  下决心,决定

enjoy oneself = have a good time 玩的愉快

in the end 最后,到头来,说明结果

look after 照看,看管,

look after the children 看管孩子

look after the house 看管房子

have this problem 有这个问题

have a problem 有一个问题

have many problems 有许多问题

 

语法

must

①  must 表示较有把握的主观猜测,意思是一定是……”其基本句型如下:

   must + 动词原形(一般情况推测)

  eg. You must be sick.   你一定是病了。

2) must + be + v-ing (正在发生情况推测)

  eg. They must be drinking now.   他们一定在喝酒。

3) must + have + v-ed (过去分词)(对过去情况的推测)

   eg. You must have drunk last night.   昨晚你一定喝酒了。

4) must + have been + v-ing (现在分词)

    表示对过去某一时刻,某一时间动作的猜测,或过去一直到现在的

eg. You must have been drinking when I called you last night.

    昨晚我打电话的时候你一定正在喝酒。

(过去的某一时刻:即打电话的时候正在发生的动作的猜测)

eg. You must have been watching TV yesterday afternoon.

    你昨天下午一定在看电视。(过去一段时间)

eg. You must have been preparing for the meeting in the last two weeks.

  过去的两周你一定一直在准备这次会议。


情态助动词may表示可能性
may
might都表示“可能、也许”,might所表示的可能性要比may小,且当情况是虚拟时只能用might而不能用may
may
表示现在或将来的可能性:may+动词原形
The bread may be fresh.
He may be reading.
may
也可表示过去的可能性:may have (done)
He was late. He may have been busy.
I went out last night, and she may have been reading

 

定语从句
定语从句像形容词一样起修饰作用,但位于所修饰的名词之后。定语从句由关系代词引导,紧跟在它所修饰的成分后面。关系代词whowhomthat修饰人,whichthat修饰东西。关系代词指代从句的主语或宾语,同时又充当连接词,把从句和主句连接起来。

关系代词:who, whom, whose, which, that
(先行词)人 + who/that + 动词(作主语)
   The man who has white hair is Mr.White.
(先行词)人+whose + 名词 + 动词(作定语)
   I have a friend whose father is a teacher.
(先行词)人+ who/whom/that + 及物动词/不及物动词 + 介词(做宾语)
   The man we met is my uncle.
(先行词)物 + which/that + 动词(作主语)
  which
是指人以外的生命或没有生命的东西

  This is the bird which always sings at night.
(先行词)物+which/that + 主语 + 及物动词(作宾语)
   This is the letter I received yesterday.

 


过去进行时:
1
、在过去某个特定的时间正在进行或发生的动作。

   He was studying English then 那是他正在学英语

2. 连接时间状语从句的词:when ……的时候;

while ……的时候(强调两个动作的同时进行)
when
while大多数情况下可互换,当强调两个动作的同时进行和发生,只能用while
just as
正当……
时间状语从句主句放前面,用连接词连接,时间状语从句放前面时,要用逗号隔开。

I was reading a book while my wife was working in the garden at two o’clock yesterday afternoon.

While my wife was working in the garden at two o’clock yesterday afternoon, I was reading a book.

3. 结构:
 
主语+ waswere+ doing
 S+ wasn’t
weren’t) +Ving
 Was
Were +S +Ving?
I was reading a book at 7 o’clock yesterday.
I wasn’t reading a book at 7 o’clock yesterday.
Were you reading a book at 7 o’clock yesterday?
What were you doing at 7 o’clock yesterday?

 

过去完成时

构成: had +过去分词。

过去完成时主要用于表示两个事件中一个发生在前,或者说是表示较早的过去。常与现在完成时连用的副词,如 already(已经), ever(曾经),for +表示时间段的词,just(刚刚)和never(从未)也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序。有时我们不一定非得用过去完成时表示先发生的事件,因为意思十分清楚,如:

After I finished ,I went home. 我做完后就回家了。

 

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